Waste management is every one of the exercises and activities required to oversee squander from its origin to its last disposal. This incorporates in addition to other things gathering, transport, treatment and transfer of waste together with observing and control. In addition to that, it envelops the lawful and administrative system which identifies the Waste management thereby including direction on reusing. Waste management rehearses are not uniform among nations; locales, and other areas.
The best way to manage the garbage is through garbage trucks. These trucks visit for door to door collection of garbage and their coverage is scanty at best, and segregation at household level is a rarity. Collection even from community bins is not regular. Collection efficiency is low. Processing is limited to very small portion of the waste.
Dumping of Garbage waste
Without following the scientific methods for dumping, it is done in the land-fills without any regard for environment. Such inadequate disposal practice leads to problems that impair human along with animal health and result in economic, environmental and biological losses.
Disappearance of urban water bodies and wetlands in urban areas can be attributed to illegal dumping of construction waste. In most cases, real estate developers deliberately do this to reclaim eco-sensitive areas for real estate.
Recycling of items such as plastic, paper, glass, rubber, ferrous and non-ferrous metals. Rag pickers play a key role. They are very important as the Rag pickers manual recycling cannot be scaled-up and at the same time handling waste directly poses health and environmental risks. Further, all the work is done in informal sector.
It is utmost important to get rid of waste for health and safety reasons but a lot of businesses do not have a proper waste disposal procedure, therefore causing a lot of unnecessary waste which is harmful to the environment. Many materials that are thrown away can be recycled or repurposed.
In United States, especially in Los Angeles, garbage dumpsters are preferred for domestic and commercial waste.
Organic Waste Recycling
Organic waste can be recycled through composting. It is a process that allows biological waste, such as rotten food, to break down naturally. It is extremely environmental friendly, and is starting to be done on an industrial scale in response to the swelling size of landfills. Organic waste which is recycled rapidly, and then turned into fertilizer, which can be used in farming, is done through composting.
There are a number of ways of handling waste management. Here are some ways of doing that:
1. Vacuum collection – Here waste is transported from homes or commercial premises by vacuum along small bore tubes.
2. Curbside collection is the most common method of disposal. Here waste collected is then transported to a regional landfill.
3. Pyrolysis is also used to dispose of some wastes including tires, a process that can produce recovered fuels, steel and heat.
4. In some areas unsegregated waste is collected at the curb-side or from waste transfer stations and then sorted into unusable waste.